Our Research

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Cool Moves: Transit in New England and Its Role in Curbing Global Warming Pollution

New England’s transportation system produces more global warming pollution than any other sector of the region’s economy. Cool Moves documents how New England’s public transportation systems are helping to reduce global warming pollution in the region, while also saving oil and providing a host of other benefits to the region.

(September 2007)
Energizing Ohio’s Economy: Creating Jobs and Reducing Pollution with Wind Power

Developing Ohio’s wind energy resources will advance Ohio’s economy. Clean, renewable and home-grown wind energy will help to make Ohio more energy independent, create jobs, increase incomes, and help to prepare our economy for a potential national cap on global warming pollution. Energizing Ohio’s Economy uses an economic model to evaluate the impact of increasing wind energy production to 20 percent of Ohio retail electricity sales by 2020, in comparison with continuing business as usual. We find that wind energy can provide significant benefits for Ohio’s economy and environment. Accordingly, wind power and other renewable energy resources should play a central part in Ohio’s energy policy.

(August 2007)

Transportation produces roughly 42 percent of Florida’s global warming pollution. The Benefits of Adopting the Clean Cars Program in Florida explains how Florida could reduce global warming emissions from passenger vehicles by adopting California’s clean car standards. By requiring advanced-technology vehicles—including hybrid-electric and eventually hydrogen vehicles—and establishing global warming pollution standards, the clean cars program could begin to reduce Florida’s contribution to global warming.

(August 2007)
Cleaner, Cheaper, Smarter: The Case for Auctioning Pollution Allowances in a Global Warming Cap-and-Trade Program

“Cap and trade” programs are increasingly seen as a leading tool to reduce America’s emissions of global warming pollution. But while cap and trade can be an effective tool to reduce pollution at the lowest possible cost, the devil is in the details. Cleaner, Cheaper, Smarter addresses a critical choice policy-makers must make in designing a cap-and-trade program: the question of whether to give away pollution permits (called “allowances”) to polluters or to sell them in an auction. Auctioning allowances is a fairer, more efficient and more cost-effective solution than giving them away.

(July 2007)
The Clean Cars Program: How States Are Driving Cuts in Global Warming Pollution

While the Bush administration continues to resist efforts to reduce global warming pollution, many states are taking effective actions to address the threat—including the adoption of the “Clean Cars Program,” which sets limits on global warming pollution from cars, light trucks and SUVs. The 12 states that have adopted the Clean Cars Program will cut global warming pollution from cars, light trucks and SUVs by 74 million metric tons per year in 2020. The federal government should not interfere with the progress being made by these states and should grant California’s request for a Clean Air Act waiver so that the states can implement the Clean Cars Program.

(May 2007)