Reports on Global Warming

The reports below represent a sample of Frontier Group’s work on Global Warming. For more of our reports on this and related topics, please visit www.PolicyArchive.org. Full archive coming soon.

Lighting the Way: The Top Ten States that Helped Drive America’s Solar Energy Boom in 2013

Solar energy is on the rise. Over the course of the last decade, the amount of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity in the United States has increased more than 120-fold, from 97 megawatts in 2003 to more than 12,000 megawatts at the end of 2013. America’s solar energy revolution has been led by 10 states that have the greatest amount of solar energy capacity installed per capita. These 10 states have opened the door for solar energy with solar-friendly public policies, and they are reaping the rewards as a result. This report is a follow-up analysis of our 2013 report, Lighting the Way, in which we compared the solar energy policies of the states with the nation’s most well-developed solar energy markets. This report notes changes from last year’s rankings, as well as policy developments over the last year. 

 

(August 2014)
Inside the Big Oil Playbook : Strategies and Tactics Used in the Industry’s Battle to Ship Tar Sands Oil Out of Casco Bay

South Portland, Maine, became “ground zero” for the tar sands debate when residents, in partnership with several statewide environmental groups, qualified a ballot initiative to stop the oil industry from establishing Portland Harbor as the U.S. East Coast shipping hub for tar sands’ entry into the world market. In response, Big Oil launched a massive, $750,000 campaign to defeat the initiative in a city of just 25,000 people. Using Big Oil’s campaign to defeat South Portland’s Waterfront Protection Ordinance as a case study, this report describes the tools and tactics the industry can be expected to use to keep alive the possibility of shipping tar sands oil out of Portland Harbor. 

(July 2014)
Driving Cleaner: More Electric Vehicles Mean Less Pollution

Increasing the use of electric vehicles – especially those powered by clean, renewable sources of electricity – can protect the climate and help America get off oil. Driving Cleaner estimates that in 2025, widespread use of electric vehicles, coupled with a cleaner electricity grid, could reduce global warming pollution by 18.2 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year, compared to conventional vehicles. Federal and state governments can realize these emission reductions by committing to policies that will increase the number of electric vehicles on the road; speed the growth of clean, renewable electricity; and curtail the use of dirty electricity sources.

(June 2014)
Moving America Forward: State and Federal Leadership Is Producing Results in the Fight against Global Warming

As the world’s largest economy and the second-largest emitter of global warming pollution, American leadership in the fight against global warming is crucial. Fortunately, even in the absence of a comprehensive response from Congress, local and state governments and the Obama administration have taken leadership on global warming. Moving America Forward finds that a set of clean energy policies adopted by states and the federal government and in effect from 2007 to 2012 reduced U.S. carbon dioxide pollution by 162 million metric tons in 2012. That is equal to annual emissions from 34 million vehicles, or all the passenger cars and trucks in Pennsylvania, Michigan, Illinois and Colorado combined.

(March 2014)
Ohio's Clean Energy Success Story, Year 4: The Clean Energy Law Is Getting Results in the Buckeye State

Ohioans are realizing the benefits of Clean Energy Law - renewable energy projects and energy efficiency measures are saving energy, cutting costs for residents and businesses, and protecting Ohioans public health and the environment.  Over the past four years, creative utility programs have spurred 5 million killowatt-hours of energy savings and driven hundreds of renewable energy projects acros the state - demonstrating that the Clean Energy Law is working and making Ohio a leader in renewable energy and energy efficiency. Ohio's Clean Energy Success Story, Year 4 documents the transformative impact of the Clean Energy Law in its fourth year, highlighting the most creative and effective utility programs that are moving the state towards a clean energy future.

(November 2013)
Fracking by the Numbers: Key Impacts of Dirty Drilling at the State and National Level

Over the past decade, the oil and gas industry has fused two technologies—hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling—in a highly polluting effort to unlock oil and gas in underground rock formations. Fracking is already underway in 17 states, with more than 80,000 wells drilled or permitted since 2005. Fracking by the Numbers quantifies some of the key impacts of fracking to date—including the production of toxic wastewater, water use, chemicals use, air pollution, land damage and global warming emissions.

(October 2013)
America's Dirtiest Power Plants: Their Oversized Contribution to Global Warming and What We Can Do About It

From Hurricane Sandy to devastating droughts and deadly heat waves, extreme weather events caused by global warming threaten our safety, our health and our environment—and scientists predict things will only get worse unless we cut the dangerous carbon pollution that is fueling the problem. This report highlights the massive and disproportionate contribution to global warming made by U.S. power plants in general and the nation’s dirtiest power plants in particular, and argues for placing strong pollution standards on power plants to make the emissions reductions needed to forstall the worst impacts of global warming.

(September 2013)
A Million Solar Roofs for Colorado: A Big, Bold Plan to Protect Our Environment and Grow Our Economy

As one of the sunniest states in the country, Colorado has great potential for solar energy. By 2030, Colorado could install solar energy capacity equivalent to that of a million solar rooftops – reducing our dependence on fossil fuels, addressing global warming and boosting our economy.

(June 2013)
Solar Works for Washington: How Expanding Solar Power Will Protect Our Environment and Benefit Our Economy

Washington’s strong clean energy policies have made it a national leader in wind energy and in energy efficiency. However, the state’s potential for solar power remains virtually untapped. Washington can start taking advantage of its full potential for solar energy by developing its capacity for rooftop solar power. 

(April 2013)
In the Path of the Storm: Global Warming, Extreme Weather and the Impacts of Weather-Related Disasters in the United States from 2007 to 2012

Weather-related disasters kill or injure hundreds of Americans each year and cause billions of dollars in damage. Climate science tells us that global warming will lead to increases in the frequency or severity of some types of extreme weather events that often cause disaster in the United States, while also causing changes - such as sea level rise - that will make even routine weather events more destructive.  In the Path of the Storm reviews recent weather-related disasters in the United States and explores the latest science on the links between global warming and extreme weather.

(April 2013)
A Double Success: Tackling Global Warming While Growing the Economy with an Improved Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is a central strategy in the Northeastern states’ efforts to protect the region from global warming. A Double Success documents how the program, which took effect in 2009, has succeeded in cutting carbon dioxide emissions and demonstrating the effectiveness of cap-and-trade as a global warming solution while helping to sustain a growing regional economy. Now, nine Northeastern states are considering strengthening RGGI to drive additional reductions in global warming pollution. Strengthening RGGI would be a “win-win” for the Northeast, making an important contribution toward protecting the region from global warming while speeding the transition to a clean energy future.

(March 2013)
Wind Power for a Cleaner America: Reducing Global Warming Pollution, Cutting Air Pollution, and Saving Water

Coal- and natural gas-fired power plants pollute our air, are major contributors to global warming, and consume vast amounts of water—harming our rivers and lakes and leaving less water for other uses. Wind energy has none of these problems. It produces no air pollution, makes no contribution to global warming, and uses no water. Wind Power for a Cleaner America documents the environmental benefits that have accrued from America's doubling its use of wind power since the beginning of 2008.

(November 2012)
Alternatives to Oil in the Northeast: How Innovators Are Producing Clean, Local Fuels

Dependence on oil harms the Northeast’s environment and economy. Alternatives to Oil in the Northeast highlights the work of innovators and entrepreneurs who are working to develop the fuels of the future: clean alternatives to oil that are less polluting and can be produced right here in the region. Those efforts can only take root and grow if Northeastern states make a firm policy commitment to integrating clean alternative fuels into our transportation fuel mix.

(November 2012)
When It Rains, It Pours: Global Warming and the Increase in Extreme Precipitation from 1948-2011

Global warming is happening now and its effects are being felt in the United States and around the world. Among the expected consequences of global warming is an increase in the heaviest rain and snow storms, fueled by increased evaporation and the ability of a warmer atmosphere to hold more moisture. This report documents that extreme rainstorms and snowstorms became more frequent and produced more total precipitation across much of the contiguous United States over the past 60 years. An increase in extreme downpours has costly ramifications for the United States, with the potential to cause more flooding that jeopardizes property and lives. With scientists predicting even greater increases in extreme precipitation in the years ahead, the United States and the world must take action to reduce pollution that contributes to global warming.

(July 2012)
Charging Forward: The Emergence of Electric Vehicles and Their Role in Reducing Oil Consumption

America’s reliance on gasoline-powered vehicles has long contributed to air pollution, including global warming emissions, and our nation’s dependence on oil. In the past decade, however, the automobile market has begun to change, integrating new technologies that are dramatically less dependent on gasoline. Hybrid electric vehicles, powered in part by energy stored in a battery, have become increasingly popular. Charging Forward explains how electric vehicles, with zero direct emissions, are emerging as a market-viable alternative to gasoline-powered vehicles.

(July 2012)

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